Pierre-Majorique Léger*, Chercheur du GReSI, et François Courtemanche*, Tech3Lab, *HEC Montréal
Tech3Lab. Résumé non disponible.
Chitu Okoli, Concordia University
The View from Giants’ Shoulders: Developing Theory with Systematic Literature Reviews. Information systems researchers, and indeed most social scientists, face two related challenges regarding literature reviews. First, although numerous guides exist for developing theory, these provide limited help in carefully gathering material from past research that can serve as material for new theory development. Second, although there are numerous guides for conducting literature reviews, none focuses squarely on theory development. However, in order to adopt any theory construction approach or to craft a literature review that contributes to theory, each step of the review of prior literature should explicitly focus on the elements of theory (that is, concepts, relationships and explanations). Thus, in this article we present guidelines for conducting a systematic literature review (also known as a systematic review) where the central focus is theory development. Drawing from theory development and literature reviewing guides from a wide variety of disciplines, these guidelines show how to carefully focus on the substance of theory in each step of the literature review process, so that researchers can stand on the shoulders of foregoing scholarly giants to see farther with new, insightful theories.